Hi visitors this is a article about the Wireless Local Area Networks and its Equipment.


With the success of wired local area networks (LANs), the local computing market is moving toward wireless LAN (WLAN) with the same speed of current wired LAN. WLANs are fl exible data communication systems that can be used for applications in which mobility is required. In the indoor business environment, although mobility is not an absolute requirement, WLANs provide more fl exibility than that achieved by the wired LAN. WLANs are designed to operate in industrial, scientifi c, and medical (ISM) radio bands and unlicensed-national information infrastructure (U-NII) bands. In the United States, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) regulates radio transmissions; however, the FCC does not require the end-user to buy a license to use the ISM or U-NII bands. Currently, WLANs can provide data rates up to 11 Mbps, but the industry is making a move toward high-speed WLANs. Manufacturers are developing WLANs to provide data rates up to 54 Mbps or higher. High speed makes WLANs a promising technology for the future data communications market.

The IEEE 802.11 committee is responsible for WLAN standards. WLANs include IEEE 802.11a (WiFi 5), IEEE 802.11b (WiFi), IEEE 802.11g and IEEE 802.11n The deployment of WLANs can provide connectivity in homes, factories, and hot-spots. The IEEE 802.16 group is responsible for wireless metropolitan area network (WMAN) standards. This body is concerned with fixed broadband wireless access systems, also known as “last mile” access networks. In this chapter, we focus on different types of WLANs and introduce IEEE 802.16 standards including WiMAX (high speed WLAN).


There are three main links that form the basis of the wireless network. These are:

LAN adapter: Wireless adapters are made in the same basic form as their wired counterparts: PCMCIA, Card bus, PCI, and USB. They also serve the same function, enabling end-users to access the network. In a wired LAN, adapters provide an interface between the network operating system and the wire. In a WLAN, they provide the interface between the network operating system and an antenna to create a transparent connection to the network.

Access point (AP): The AP is the wireless equivalent of an LAN hub. It receives, buffers, and transmits data between the WLAN and the wired network, supporting a group of wireless user devices. An AP is typically connected with the backbone network through a standard Ethernet cable, and communicates with wireless devices by means of an antenna. The AP or antenna connected to it is generally mounted on a high wall or on the ceiling. Like cells in a cellular network, multiple APs can support handoff from one AP to another as the user moves from area to area. APs have a range from 20 to 500 meters. A single AP can support between 15 to 250 users, depending on technology, confi guration, and use. It is relatively easy to scale a WLAN by adding more APs to reduce network congestion and enlarge the coverage area. Large networks requiring multiple APs deploy them to create overlapping cells for constant connectivity to the network. A wireless AP can monitor movement of a client across its domain and permit or deny specifi c traffi c or clients from communicating through it.

Outdoor LAN bridges: Outdoor LAN bridges are used to connect LANs in different buildings. When the cost of buying a fi ber optic cable between buildings is considered, particularly if there are barriers such as highways or bodies of water in the way, a WLAN can be an economical alternative. An outdoor bridge can provide a less expensive alternative to recurring leasedline charges. WLAN bridge products support fairly high data rates and ranges of several miles with the use of line-of-sight directional antennas. Some APs can also be used as a bridge between buildings of relatively close proximity.

No comments:

Post a Comment


Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...